Policies and regulations

The main mandate to phase out high-ILUC risk biofuels is in the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II), it is, fuels produced from feedstocks associated with significant levels of agricultural expansion into land with high carbon stock. The RED II also introduces the concept of certified “low ILUC-risk” biofuels, bioliquids, and biomass fuels. These are produced from feedstocks that avoid food and feed crop displacement through one of two additional pathways: (i) yield increases from improved agronomic practices, or (ii) cultivation of areas not previously used for crop production (including areas with natural constraints such as unused, abandoned, or severely degraded). Other policies and regulations (not exhaustive) that are related to the production of biofuels and linked to low-ILUC production are: